GETTING AWAY FROM IT ALL!
It is a very hot, muggy and lazy day in the middle
months of the summer. After hearing you complain about the heat
all morning, your parents suggest they take you out of the scorching
city heat. You hop in the car and head up the canyon. When you
reach the mountains, you notice that it is much cooler. The trees
shade you from the sun, and provide you with a breath of fresh
air. Getting into the trees and getting away from the city is
a favorite activity for many. There is something about this biome
that is peaceful and refreshing. This is the deciduous forest;
which is comprised of trees which shed their leaves each year
Collect leaves from around your home. Or if you
can, go to the mountains and collect leaves from the trees there.
Use the Internet to identify them. Next, carefully place your
leaves between two sheets of waxed paper. With the help of an
adult, use an iron to press the waxed paper. Make a leaf identification
book out of your pressed leafs.
MOUNTAINS OF TREES!
Deciduous forests are large land areas where
most of the trees shed their leaves in the fall. In Utah, the
deciduous forests are found on the lower slopes mountains before
you reach the conifers (pine trees). In North America, deciduous
forests once covered a large portion of the eastern United States.
The climate in this area has four distinct seasons. The winter
in deciduous forests is cold, the summer is hot, and the sfall
and spring are mild. The average yearly rainfall measures between
75 and 150 cm (30 to 60 inches) in this area. Trees found in the
deciduous forest include maple, birch,
elm, oak, sumac, cottonwoods, hickory and cherry. Also found below
the trees where there is less sunlight are ferns, clover and grasses.
Animals that live in this biome include many
types of birds such as woodpeckers and hummingbirds. Squirrels
also live in the trees. Larger animals such as raccoons also live
in the deciduous forest. One of the larger animals that you have
probably seen on you visits to the mountains are deer. Living
on the forest floor are salamanders, insects, field mice, and
THE DISAPPEARING ACT!
Humans have changed much of the deciduous forest
biome. Cities and farmland has replaced much of these forests.
People have also had a great impact on the life this biome. Some
animals which were common in a forest must now survive around
humans. Many species that once thrived there are now disappearing.
Use the Internet or other resources to find out
about a bird called the passenger pigeon. Where did it live and
what happened to it? Write a fictional story about a passenger
pigeon named Peter using this information.
By clicking on any of the pictures below you
can find out more about the deciduous forest.