Science Language Students Should Know And Use
Environment – The physical surroundings of an organism, the habitat.
Inherited – A trait passed on from the parent organism to offspring.
Instincts – Inborn behaviors.
Learned behavior – Learned (not
inherited) from repeated reactions in the environment.
Offspring – The progeny of the
parent organism, the children.
Parent organism – The parent of the offspring (usually a mom and dad).
Population – All of a species living in a given area.
Specialized Structure – Unique body or cell parts that help an organism survive (examples: snowshoe hare’s foot, leaves and petals on a plant, and stinger on a scorpion.)
Species – A group of the same organisms sharing common traits.
Survival – A species succeeds, or lives successfully in their environment; finding food, avoiding predators, and raising young.
Traits – Inherited characteristics that set a species apart from other species.
Variations – Slight differences
among individuals of a species.